Posts Tagged ‘Loan Types’

Interest Rates In Australia

June 22nd, 2009 No Comments
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Let’s take a closer look at this phenomena and how and why it affects millions of people worldwide. An interest is accumulated when you borrow money from a bank, a lending institution or a building society. The amount you borrow is called the principal. But because you are using somebody else’s money to grow your assets, you will incur interest on the lending amount.

The rule of 72, often used in periodic compounding calculations, can also indicate of when our principal amount gets doubled by interest rates. Let’s say that (k) is the number of years it takes for your principal loan amount to double. Then take (m) to be the interest rate per annum. K * m = 72. Therefore if the annual interest rate is 3% it will take 24 years for your principal loan amount to double.

Interest Rates are calculated daily, but every first Wednesday of the month the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is deciding on whether we are due for a rise. Sometimes they will also lower the interest rates.

These decisions are influenced by our markets and the economy. Huge events like a stock market crash can significantly influence interest rates. However the main economic factor which decides on our interest rates is the inflation. The definition of inflation means the rise in the cost of our goods and services. The RBA is generally aiming at an inflation target of between 2% and 3 %. In recent months we have touched the 3% barrier and therefore the interest rates have increased. Another key influence on the inflation is our labour market. This means the cost of wages and the employment situation in the market place.

When you borrow money, you are entering a contract with your borrowing institution. You can then elect the length of your loan and whether you desire to pay back the interest only or principal and interest. This will greatly influence the length of your loan and the amount of money you have for play. The longer you are paying interest only, the more your loan will grow. Over a 30-year period this will most likely double your initial loan amount. At present the interest rates are at 7.37% p.a.

The type of loan you choose, when borrowing, greatly influences the amount of interest you will have to pay back during the course of the loan. Some loans allow you to pay any extra monies into your loan without penalties. This in turn will lower the term of your loan and therefore the interest rates paid in total.

If you don’t want to be caught short when choosing a loan, make sure you look closely at the product you are considering. It pays to shop around, as different loans affect the amount of interest rates you are set to pay. If you are not sure about it, don’t be afraid to consult a mortgage broker / financial advisor. They can point you in the right direction depending on your financial position. Interest rates will continue to influence many people’s lives and can make the difference of whether you are able to keep up your repayments or not.

Fixed Home Loan vs Variable Home Loan

June 22nd, 2009 5 Comments
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After you have decided the home you want to buy, you will have to look for a loan to finance the buying of the home. This is the tricky part. There are different types of home loans available marketed by different banks and lenders and offering different interest rates and benefits.

So the first thing that you need to identify is the interest rate: should you go for a fixed home loan or a variable home loan? Both the loans have their own pros and cons. Once you have decided between fixed and variable, you can move ahead and choose the type of loan you want in that particular category.

The first thing you need to do is check which of these two are doing well in the market. The basic difference is that in a fixed rate home loan, you will be charged a flat interest rate through the entire period of the loan. In the variable rate home loan, the interest rate will change according to the market movement and sometimes you might pay a lower interest and in other times you might have to pay a higher rate of interest. The interest is charged in the monthly payments.

Fixed rate home loan

Fixed rate home loans are considered a safer bet by many industry experts due to the fixed interest rate that never changes throughout the life of the loan. The pros of a fixed rate home loan are:

  • The interest rate will never change even when the market is volatile
  • The payment amount, which includes the principal and the interest, will not be affected by the market conditions.
  • There is a sense of security as well as the stability offered by fixed rate especially because you are aware of the amount you need to pay at the end of each month. This will help you to keep the amount aside each month out of your monthly budget.

Variable rate home loan

The variable rate home loan is more popular in Australia. This loan comes with a variable interest rate, which basically means that the interest you pay will be depend on the market condition. Interest rates in this type of loan can and will fluctuate. You will be charged an interest rate that is dependent on the financial index rate listed in the Reserve Bank of Australia. For example: If the current index is 3.5% then the lender will add another 0.5% to make the interest rate 4%.

Types Of Home Loans In Australia

June 22nd, 2009 No Comments
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Mortgage managers, banks, credit unions, brokers, insurance groups all offer a seemingly endless choice of loan options – introductory rates, standard variable rates, fixed rates, redraw facilities, lines of credit loans and interest only loans, the list goes on. But with choice comes confusion. How do you determine what the best type of home loan is for you?

First, set your financial goals, determine your budget and work out how long you want to pay a mortgage for. You can do this yourself or with your financial advisor or accountant.

Second, ensure the organization or person you choose to obtain your mortgage from is a member of the Mortgage Finance Association of Australia (MFAA). The MFAA Member logo ensures you are working with a professional who is bound by a strict industry code of practice.

Third, research the types of loans available so you can explore all options available to you with your mortgage provider. Some home loan choices are:

Basic Home Loan

This loan is considered a no-frills loan and usually offers a very low variable interest rate with little or no regular fees. Be aware they usually don’t offer additional extras or flexibility in paying of extra on the loan or varying your repayments.

These loans are suited to people who don’t foresee a dramatic change in personal circumstances and thus will not need to adapt the loan in accordance with any lifestyle changes, or people who are happy to pay a set amount each month for the duration of the loan.

Introductory Rate or ‘Honeymoon’ Loan

This loan is attractive as it offers lower interest rates than the standard fixed or variable rates for the initial (honeymoon) period of the loan (i.e. six to 12 months)

before rolling over to the standard rates. The length of the honeymoon depends on the lender, as too does the rate you pay once the honeymoon is over. This loan usually allows flexibility by allowing you to pay extra off the loan. Be aware of any caps on additional repayments in the initial period, of any exit fees at any time of the loan (usually high if you change immediately after the honeymoon), and what your repayments will be after the loan rolls over to the standard interest rate.

These loans are suited to people who want to minimise their initial repayments (whilst perhaps doing renovations) or to those who wish to make a large dent in their loan through extra repayments while benefiting from the lower rate of interest.

Tip: If you start paying off this loan at the post-honeymoon rate, you are paying off extra and will not have to make a lifestyle change when the introductory offer has finished.

Redraw Facility

This loan allows you to put additional funds into the loan in order to bring down the principal amount and reduce interest charges, plus it gives the option to redraw the additional funds you put in at any time. Simply put, rather than earning (taxable) interest from your savings, putting your savings into the loan saves you money on your interest charges and helps you pay off your loan faster. Meanwhile, you are still saving for the future. The benefit of this type of loan is the interest charged is normally cheaper than the standard variable rate and it doesn’t incur regular fees. Be aware there may be an activation fee to obtain a redraw facility, there may be a fee for each time you redraw, and it may have a minimum redraw amount.

These loans are suited to low to medium income earners who can put away that little extra each month.

Line of Credit/Equity Line

This is a pre-approved limit of money you can borrow either in its entirety or in bits at a time. The popularity of these loans is due to its flexibility and ability to reduce mortgages quickly. However, they usually require the borrower to offer their house as security for the loan. A line of credit can be set to a negotiated time (normally 1-5 years) or be classed as revolving (longer terms) and you only have to pay interest on the money you use (or ‘draw down’). Interest rates are variable and due to the level of flexibility are often higher than the standard variable rate. Some lines of credit will allow you to capitalise the interest until you reach your credit limit i.e. use your line of credit to pay off the interest on your line of credit. Most of these loans have a monthly, half yearly or annual fee attached.

These loans are suited to people who are financially responsible and already have property and wish to use their property or equity in their property for renovations, investments or personal use.

All In One Accounts

This is a loan which works as an account where all income is deposited in the account and all expenses come out of the account. The benefit of the All In One Account is its ability to reduce the amount owed and thus the interest payments while providing a one-stop finance shop where your loan, cheque, credit and savings accounts are combined into one. Normally these loans will be at the standard variable rate or slightly higher and may incur monthly fees. Be aware that if the account is split into the loan account, with credit, cheque and ATM facilities placed into satellite accounts, you will need to check your access to funds, how many free transactions you receive, and what associated fees the loan may have.

These loans are suited to medium to high income earners.

100% Offset Account

This loan is similar to an All In One Account however the money is paid into an account which is linked to the loan – this account is called an Offset Account. Income is deposited into the Offset Account and you use the Offset Account for all your EFTPOS, cheque, internet banking, credit transactions. Whatever is in the Offset Account then comes directly off the loan, or ‘offsets’ the loan amount for interest. Effectively you are not earning interest on your savings, but are benefiting as what would be interest on savings is calculated on a reduction on your loan. The advantages are similar to the All In One Account. These loans normally have a higher interest rate and higher fees due to their flexibility.

These loans are suited to people on medium to high income earners, and to disciplined spenders as the more money kept in the offset account the faster you pay-off your loan.

Partial offset account and an interest offset account are also available.

Split Loans

This is a loan where the overall money borrowed is split into different segments where each segment has a different loan structure i.e. part fixed, part varied and part line of credit. Often called designer loans, you benefit from one or more types of loans. Splitting the loan offers a saving on stamp duty and other charges.

These loans are suited to people who want minimize risk and hedge their bets against interest rate changes while maintaining a good degree of flexibility.

Professional Package

This loan is available at a minimum amount to people on higher incomes or people of a specific profession if they meet certain requirements. The benefit of this loan is being able to borrow higher amounts with a high degree of flexibility and a discount on the standard variable interest rate. The level of discount is dependent on the size of the loan, and the duration of the discount depends on what’s negotiated and can sometimes apply for the life of the loan. Generally these products combine all fees into the one annual fee. Lenders of this product usually provide a lot of added values such as credit cards, discounts on their insurance and investment products.

Tip: If you don’t need the additional extras other loan types may offer a better interest rate.

Non Conforming Loan

These loans are only available from non-bank lenders where interest rates are higher due to the greater risk and shorter life of the loan. The advantage is they are available to people who don’t fill the traditional lending institution criteria. There are two types of Non Confirming loans:

  1. A Low Doc Loan usually has a slightly higher interest rate and fees than the standard interest rate and will have a maximum borrowing amount and/or will usually only lend 70% of the value of the property. After demonstrating the ability to meet the payments the interest rate will often revert to the standard rate.

    These loans are suited to people who do not wish to disclose their income or have the inability to show a true income i.e. if you are self employed.

  2. Sub-Prime Loans usually have a much higher interest rate and fees than the standard rate and usually require you to use an asset as security. They are based on a sliding scale in accordance to the level of risk of loaning the money. Refinancing is available once the borrower can establish a good payment record.

    These loans are suited to people with poor credit histories.

Other Loans and Products in the Market Include:

Construction Loans: For those building a home when you don’t need the entire amount from the start – you only pay interest on what you’ve spent over the stages of construction.

Bridging Loans: For when the sale of an existing property takes place after the settlement of a new property – when you want to buy a new home before selling the old one, where the funds from selling the old home are paid straight into the loan for the new home.

Consolidation Loans: Enables you to use your mortgage to consolidate other debts such as credit cards, personal loans, car loans etc. – interest rates on the mortgage are usually cheaper than personal loans.

Interest Rates In Australia

June 22nd, 2009 No Comments
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All organizations in the mortgage industry require a prospective borrower to fulfill their selection criteria before they will approve a home loan. Traditional lenders tend to have more stringent criteria; the non-conforming lenders are a lot more flexible, and the mortgage managers are somewhere in between.

How interest rates are determined…

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) sets the official interest rate, according to how the economy is performing at the time. In its monthly meetings, the RBA considers the inflation rate and such key economic indicators as unemployment, the consumer price index (CPI), producer price index (PPI) and retail sales. After analyzing this information, the board determines whether the existing rate should be held or changed.

The RBA sets the cash rate – the rate at which banks borrow money. Banks then add their own margin – the fee you pay for the use of the money – to set their mortgage rate.
The RBA uses interest rates as a tool for controlling monetary policy. For example, if economic activity is deemed too strong, it may try to slow things by raising the official cash rate. This flows on to higher mortgage rates and so higher repayments. More money repaying the mortgage means less to spend on other things, so economic activity slows.

Interest rates on home loans…

There are two types of interest rates that apply to home loans – variable and fixed. You can choose whether you’d like a variable or fixed-interest rate, or a combination of both, depending on the type of loan product you decide on.

Variable interest rates. The majority of home loans in Australia have been taken at a variable interest rate. As the name implies, variable loan rates will fluctuate with the market and the official cash rate. Therefore, if the official cash rate rises, your loan interest rate rises and so do your repayments, and vice versa. Loans with variable interest rates tend to offer more flexibility in payment options.

Fixed interest rates. This type of interest rate allows you to fix the interest rate you borrow at for a certain period within the overall loan term. Fixed terms tend to be from one to three years, however some lenders may offer 10-15 year terms. With a fixed interest rate you have the certainty of set monthly repayments, which are not affected by changes in the official cash rate. This works in your favor when the official cash rate rises because your repayments will not increase; but you cannot enjoy lower repayments when the official cash rate falls. With a fixed-interest rate, your loan provider is taking the risk on the market, which is based on their assumptions about future interest rate movements.

What’s been happening in the market?

Interest rates have been decreasing for more than a decade, and for the past few years Australians have enjoyed low interest rates. January 23, 1990, the official cash rate was 17-17.5%; on July 2, 2004, it was 5.25%. As a result, household borrowings are at a record high: in June 1997, Australians owed $202.8 billion in housing and in May 2004, this figure has increased to $577.1 billion.

What Interest Rate is best for you…?

  • Your loan decision should be based on a mortgage product suited to your individual needs not on a type of interest rate.
  • Do not borrow so much that a rise in interest rates would leave you in trouble. Factor in possible rises so you are not left short.
  • You should be able to switch between interest rates over the loan term without having to refinance.

Speak to your mortgage provider, who should also be a member of the MFAA. Under of code of practice MFAA members are encouraged to continually improve their industry knowledge by keeping abreast of economic trends and undertaking MFAA-approved and run courses and industry seminars.

For more information on interest rates, most newspapers, television and radio news broadcasts contain information on interest rates, official cash rates and the housing market in their financial and property sections. Additional information can be found on banking and financial institution websites. You can also visit the Reserve Bank of Australia website at www.rba.gov.au and the Australian Bureau of Statistics website at www.abs.gov.au

Figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics Website – www.rba.gov.au